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UK accused of blocking UN enquiry into Yemen war crimes, SA arms deal first

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UK accused of blocking UN inquiry into claim of war crimes in Yemen

Britain has blocked European Union efforts to establish an independent international inquiry into the war in Yemen, prompting dismay among human rights groups.

The Netherlands had hoped to garner broad support for its proposal that the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) in Geneva set up an inquiry to examine civilian deaths in Yemen, where the Saudi Arabia-led coalition is accused of committing war crimes.


Instead, with the UK refusing to give its backing, the Netherlands’ proposal for an international inquiry – submitted on Friday by Slovakia on behalf of the EU – was replaced with a much weaker one that the office of the UN high commissioner for human rights (OHCHR) dispatch a mission “with assistance from relevant experts, to monitor and report on the situation ... in Yemen”. This falls far short of what human rights groups and the OHCHR had wanted.

In an open letter to the HRC, Human Rights Watch and other campaign groups claim an international inquiry would help to “establish the facts, collect and preserve information related to violations and abuses with a view to ensuring that those responsible for crimes are brought to justice in fair trials”.

Foreign secretary Boris Johnson last week rejected the need for such an inquiry, arguing that the UK was “using a very, very wide variety of information sources about what is happening to acquaint ourselves with the details” about Yemen.

But the revelation that the UK neutered EU attempts to bring about such an investigation is likely to raise questions about its motives. Since the conflict began, the UK has sold more than £3bn worth of weapons and military equipment to the Saudis and defence contractors hope more deals are in the pipeline.






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Bill Nighy, Ian McEwan and Coldplay are among stars calling on Britain to suspend arms sales to Saudi Arabia which they say are responsible for “unspeakable suffering” in Yemen.

At the start of the Conservative party conference, when the government is expected to push the case for free trade, the musicians, actors and authors have signed an open letter, co-ordinated by Oxfam, in which they claim that the government’s “double standards” on Yemen have helped fuel the world’s “worst humanitarian crisis”.

The letter, published in the Observer, and also signed by the actor Simon Pegg, photographer Rankin and writers Philip Pullman and David Nicholls, among others, states: “As proud Brits we can no longer stay silent about our government’s double standards on Yemen. Even as the UK sends aid to Yemen, British-made bombs are fuelling the conflict there. We are too proud of our country to allow this to continue. We are better than this.” Britain has sold almost £4bn of arms to Saudi Arabia since a coalition led by the kingdom began its bombing campaign in Yemen. Last month, the defence secretary, Michael Fallon, signed a new military and security co-operation agreement with the kingdom.

Numerous human rights groups, the UN and politicians have claimed the campaign is in breach of international human rights laws because it has allegedly targeted civilians.

The UN human rights council has agreed to appoint a group of experts to examine the claims. Some countries had pushed for a full independent international investigation but this was blocked by Saudi Arabia, which threatened economic retaliation.

Amid the bombing, almost three-quarters of a million people in Yemen now have cholera, according to the World Health Organisation. The International Committee of the Red Cross has warned that the number could surpass one million by the end of the year. Famine is threatening much of the country.

Oxfam says that many displaced families in Yemen have been forced to choose between treatment for cholera or food. With nothing left to sell, weakened by hunger and lack of clean water, they are more vulnerable to cholera and are struggling to get treatment, the charity says. It estimates that only 45% of health facilities in Yemen are fully functional because of the war.

According to the UN, the number of people unable to access healthcare has increased by 76% since the escalation of the conflict. “Yemen is the world’s worst humanitarian crisis and it is getting even worse,” said Nigel Timmins, Oxfam’s humanitarian director.

“More than two years of war have created ideal conditions for the disease to spread. The war has pushed the country to the edge of famine, forced millions from their homes, virtually destroyed the already weak health services and hampered efforts to respond to the cholera outbreak.”

A legal action forcing the government to suspend arms sales to Saudi Arabia failed in the high court. Campaign Against the Arms Trade (CAAT), which brought the case, is appealing against the decision. The court heard that monitoring of the Yemen bombing is being conducted by the Saudi-backed Joint Incidents Assessment Team. Of the nearly 300 reported bombing incidents, the team has so far investigated 36.

“With fighter jet negotiations ongoing ... the message coming from government is that Saudi forces can do no wrong,” said Andrew Smith of CAAT

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Morals?? :bad:



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